Nor did the two sisters of Nephi who also fled. Had the sisters been married to the sons of Ishmael they would almost certainly have stayed. By the time of Alma in 87 BC, some ethnic diversity is mentioned.
Book of Mormon DNA - Mormonism, The Mormon Church, Beliefs, & Religion - MormonWiki
And their brethren sought to destroy them, therefore they were cursed; and the Lord God set a mark upon them, yea, upon Laman and Lemuel, and also the sons of Ishmael, and Ishmaelitish women. Alma This account in Alma was about years after the family of Ishmael met the family of Lehi in the desert. Laman and Lemuel were long since gone, but the Lord possibly used the Ishmaelitish women, or some earlier inhabitants of the land, to provide the genetic characteristics that became a distinction between the Lamanites and Nephites. This apparent distinction has long since disappeared in the mixing of the remnants even though there is much diversity in skin color among the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
One possibly identifiable group that still has a lighter shade of skin is the Lacandon branch of the Maya. Who were the Ishmaelitish women? Who was Ishamael? Ishmael was a righteous man who believed the revelation of the Lord to Lehi and followed with his family into the desert.
See a Problem?
Is it possible that he was not from the city of Jerusalem, but from the general land area of Jerusalem 1 Nephi The Book of Mormon does not mention his lineage though a note in the index states that he was an Ephraimite from Jerusalem. There is nothing in the Book of Mormon that would indicate he was of the tribe of Ephraim. Lehi took great pride in discovering that the Brass Plates of Laban showed his own descendency from Joseph through Manasseh.
Had Ishmael shared this heritage, Lehi or his son Joseph would surely have mentioned it. Several people have said that Joseph Smith said it was mentioned in the lost pages of the manuscript.
Erastus Snow mentions this in Snow , Orson Pratt mentions the lineage but does not mention the source in Pratt , Was this rumor or is there a closer, more substantive reference? Is it possible that Nibley was correct when he indicated that Ishmael was a descendant of the earlier Ishmael, the son of Abraham through the Egyptian handmaid Hagar. The Arab world today claims birthright from Abraham through Ishmael. The name of the game in metallurgy is alloying, which requires the correct amounts of the correct materials in very critical, controlled processes to achieve the desired result.
Cassiterite, the ore for making tin, used in bronze, came from the Cassiterites Islands now known as the British Isles. This involves extensive shipping of materials. It is apparent that there were many remnants of the Jaredite and other tribal peoples in Central America.
DNA Science Challenges LDS History
They are currently known as the Mam branch of the Maya people. If the Nephites tended to be a fairer skinned people, where did they get it or how did they maintain it? Mormon took pride in the fact that he was a pure descendant of Lehi 3 Nephi He was also larger in stature, like Nephi.
It appears likely that Nephi had daughters but no male offspring. Enos records his touching prayer as he wrestled before God. After receiving forgiveness for his sins he prayed for the safety of the records.
The Hebrew Connection
The Lord covenanted with Enos that He would preserve the records and in His own due time bring them to the Lamanites. And the Lord said unto me: Thy fathers have also required of me this thing; and it shall be done unto them according to their faith; for their faith was like unto thine Enos , emphasis added. Who were his fathers? Jacob and Nephi had made this request of the Lord, not Lehi as far as we know.
Nephi had molten the plates and made the record. Jacob and the first-born daughter of Nephi were probably close to the same age and may have married, both being born in the wilderness of the south Arabian Peninsula 1 Nephi ; Nephi probably had girls and Sam, boys, but no tribe of Sam is ever mentioned in the Book of Mormon. This may be why:.
And after he had made an end of speaking unto them, he spake unto Sam, saying: Blessed art thou, and thy seed; for thou shalt inherit the land like unto thy brother Nephi. And thy seed shall be numbered with his seed; and thou shalt be even like unto thy brother, and thy seed like unto his seed; and thou shalt be blessed in all thy days.
While it is possible that some genetic diversity may have been added to the Nephite group through the wives of Nephi and Sam, this was apparently much less so than in the case of the two wives of Laman and Lemuel and their four in-laws. It should be noted that there is a great variation in the skin color of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. They range from very black, to brown, to tan, to yellow, to white. Many are as white as Caucasians. As they get out of the sun and come to the universities, one realizes that their skin is quite fair, with much rich black hair. There would be three darker-complexioned children along with two fairer-complexioned children in the same family.
It is not supported by the text or by scientific evidence emphases in original. With pride I tell those who come to my office that a Lamanite is a descendant of one Lehi who left Jerusalem some years before Christ and with his family crossed the mighty deep and landed in America. And Lehi and his family became the ancestors of all of the Indian and Mestizo tribes in North and South and Central America and in the islands of the sea, for in the middle of their history there were those who left America in ships of their making and went to the islands of the sea emphasis in original.
Mormons such as Lindsay are not the only ones affirming that Latter-day Saints have been grossly misinterpreting the Book of Mormon on this issue. Murphy insists that a literal reading of the Book of Mormon does not support the notion that the Lamanite population remained small and relatively insignificant.
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In defense of his conclusion Murphy cited the 12th chapter of 1 Nephi in the Book of Mormon, which records a vision of an angel seen by Nephi, the son of Lehi. And I looked and beheld the land of promise; and I beheld multitudes of people, yea, even as it were in number as many as the sand of the sea.
Who Are The Children Of Lehi? Dna And The Book Of Mormon
Past LDS leaders have been fully convinced that descendents of Lehi would remain plentiful and could be easily identified. On more than one occasion, Hinckley has used his dedicatory prayers at various Mormon temples to validate what he feels is the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon.
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May they live in peace and security. May they be prospered as they cultivate their farms and pursue their vocations. May the sons and daughters of father Lehi grow in strength and in fulfillment of the ancient promises made concerning them. Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book!
In Who Are the Children of Lehi? Meldrum and Stephens examine the merits and the fallacies of DNA-based interpretations that challenge the Book of Mormon's historicity. They provide clear guides to the science, summarize the studies, illuminate technical points with easy-to-grasp examples, and spell out the data's implications. Country of Publication: US Dimensions cm : Help Centre.
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